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EAN-139781849088572   EAN-13 barcode 9781849088572
Product NameItalian Navy & Air Force Elite Units & Special Forces 1940–45
LanguageEnglish
CategoryBook / Magazine / Publication
Short DescriptionHeight:9.76 inches / Length:7.24 inches / Weight:0.57 pounds / Width:0.28 inches
Amazon.comA Buy on Amazon ~ 1849088578
Price New12.27 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Price Used6.05 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Width0.18 inches    (convert)
Height9.58 inches    (convert)
Length7.16 inches    (convert)
Weight8.8 ounces    (convert)
AuthorPiero Crociani, Pier Paolo Battistelli
Page Count64
BindingPaperback
Published01/22/2013
FeaturesReference Book
Long Description

This volume assesses the formidable special forces fielded by Italy's navy and air force in World War II, both before and after Italy's surrender in September 1943. The Italian Navy special forces were particularly active and respected in the Mediterranean, where 10th Motor-Torpedo Boat Flotilla (Xa MAS) used frogmen, 'two-man torpedoes' and explosive ram-boats; Italian midget submarines were also deployed against the Soviet Navy in the Black Sea. After September 1943 the Germans allowed the expansion of Count Borghese's Xa MAS, which continued fighting on their side at sea and on land, most notoriously in anti-partisan operations. The marines of the 'San Marco' Regiment fought hard in North Africa, earning the respect of their opponents and the German general Hans-Jürgen von Arnim, who described them as the best soldiers he had ever commanded; they also gave birth to a paratroop-frogman section.

The Italian Air Force formed a special commando unit, ADRA (Arditi Distruttori Regia Aeronautica), before the 1943 surrender; it was tasked with attacking Allied airfields and communications in North Africa alongside the 'Loretto' Battalion, which was made up of ground crew trained to operate captured enemy airfields. Men from ADRA and diehard Army paratroopers formed the new 'Folgore' Regiment, which also continued to fight alongside German forces until 1945.

In both cases, the pro-Allied Italian forces also formed 'mirror' units to fight alongside US and British forces, including the Recce Squadron 'F', the first Italian military unit to take up arms against the Germans occupying their country, and the Mariassalto, made up of personnel from Xa MAS who fought alongside British Royal Navy special units.

Featuring rare photographs and specially commissioned artwork, this book tells the story of the little-known elite forces fielded by Italy's navy and air force in World War II, some of whose successors remain in service with today's Italian armed forces.

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SHA256b9ac52b94c5265d1565716b8d4afde289304977de4754050d1f68e00624b5f5c
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Article of interest

The Facing Identification Mark, or FIM, is used by the United States Postal Service (USPS) for the automation of mail processing. Basically, the FIM is a set of vertical bars that are printed on the upper edge of an envelop or postcard, slightly to the left of the stamp. It’s a nine digit barcode that consists of vertical bars and zeros, which are represented by the blank spaces.

The FIM’s primary function is to ensure that all mail is facing the proper way, to identify how the postage was paid (business reply, etc.) and whether or not the business reply mail has a POSTNET barcode. Should there be a POSTNET barcode, the mail can then be sent directly to the barcode sorter.

There are four different types of FIM barcodes, A, B, C and D.

As far as standards are concerned, the FIM has to meet very specific guidelines:

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