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EAN-139780852553923   EAN-13 barcode 9780852553923
Product NameThe Root Causes Of Sudan's Civil Wars: Peace Or Truce (African Issues)
CategoryBook / Magazine / Publication
Short DescriptionHeight:8.27 inches / Length:0.59 inches / Weight:0.7 pounds / Width:5.31 inches
Amazon.comA Buy on Amazon ~ 1847010296
Price New18.74 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Price Used7.35 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Width0.54 inches    (convert)
Height8.5 inches    (convert)
Length5.51 inches    (convert)
Weight12 ounces    (convert)
AuthorDouglas H. Johnson
Page Count256
FeaturesJames Currey
Long DescriptionSudan's post-independence history has been dominated by political and civil strife. Most commentators have attributed the country's recurring civil war either to an age-old racial divide between Arabs and Africans, or to recent colonially constructed inequalities. This book attempts a more complex analysis, briefly examining the historical, political, economic and social factors which have contributed to periodic outbreaks of violence between the state and its peripheries. In tracing historical continuities, it outlines the essential differences between the modern Sudan's first civil war in the 1960s and the current war. It also looks at the series of minor civil wars generated by, and contained within, the major conflict, as well as the regional and international factors - including humanitarian aid - which have exacerbated civil violence. This introduction is aimed at students of North-East Africa, and of conflict and ethnicity. It should be useful for people in aid and international organizations who need a straightforward analytical survey which will help them assess the prospects for a lasting peace in Sudan. Douglas H. Johnson is an independent scholar and former international expert on the Abyei Boundaries Commission.
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Created09-03-2013 1:58:34am
Modified05-01-2020 4:15:41am
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Article of interest

Barcodes are graphical representations of data that are hard for people to read but very easy for scanners to read. These codes come in various formats and are used all over the place for so many reasons. Some are lines others are blocks and they come in many styles.

Barcodes started out as 1D codes that look like a series of virtical lines taht come in various thincknesses and represent a small amount of date. Some examples include EAN, UPC and ISBN which are found on products and books you encounter every day. Here are some samples:

UPC Barcode

UPC-A Code


EAN Barcode

EAN-13 / ISBN-13 Code


For slightly more complex data that includes numbers and letters and some times punctuation, there are other types of barcodes such as Code 39, Code 128, Interleaved 2 of, Codabar, MSI and Plessey. Examples of these are shown here:

Barcode Code 39

Code 39 (limited text)


Barcode Code 128

Code 128 (full text)


Interleave 2 of 5

Interleave 2 of 5 (digits only)


Barcode Codabar

Codabar (digits and limited punctuation)


Barcode MSI

MSI (digits only)


Barcode Plessey

Plessey (digits and letters A-F)


You can see that all of these have the same basic format of vertical lines. They are actually very different in the the way they encode the data though and not all scanners can understand all of the different barcodes.

There are also a number of 2D barcodes. These look like retangles or squares filled with dots or blocks. These require image scanners that can see the entire image not just a stripe through the middle of the code. There are several different types of these codes. One of the most popular codes at the moment is the QR Code which stands for Quick Response Code and you have probably seen it in advertisements. Here are some examples of 2D barcodes.

Barcode QR Code

QR Code


Barcode PDF417



Barcode Aztec



Barcode Maxicode



Barcode Data Matrix

Data Matrix

You can see that these are far more complex than the standard 1D barcodes. They also store a lot more data in a much smaller area in relative terms. You will find these in warehouses and on shipping packages. Many people and government agencies are using these codes on ID badges and ID cards to store information.

If you need to make your own barcodes, you can do it here on this site. We have two pages related to making barcodes. One page for 1D and one for 2D barcodes because the two are created in very different ways. Use these links to get to the pages where you can make your own FREE barcodes.

1D Barcodes or 2D QR Codes