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EAN-139780761841395   EAN-13 barcode 9780761841395
Product NameInvisible Partisanship: Partisan Bias In Nonpartisan Elections And Its Impact On Local Policy Representation In California Reform Cities
LanguageEnglish
CategoryBook / Magazine / Publication
Short DescriptionPaperback
Amazon.comA Buy on Amazon ~ 0761841393
SKU5972228
Price New54.53 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Price Used5.00 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Width8.9 inches    (convert)
Height5.91 inches    (convert)
Length0.94 inches    (convert)
Weight22.08 ounces    (convert)
AuthorChang-Ho C. Ji
Page Count430
BindingPaperback
Published08/25/2008
Long DescriptionIn 1890-1930, the election system in American cities introduced nonpartisan ballots into the cities. Invisible Partnership evaluates this election scheme and how it disproportionately helps Republicans win local legislative contests and shapes city councils and school boards to produce conservative and pro-developmental local policies.
Created11-14-2012 10:05:49pm
Modified01-12-2014 11:46:46pm
MD5fd351fbf32bc2d892728137d0ab2f2fa
SHA256c2d1861f0c1bb93e0fe2dff3453f8b2560c4cc9701a995a50d9baf1d4b0a88da
Search Googleby EAN or by Title
Query Time0.0063021

Article of interest

The extra items are numerically indexed and provide extra text to go along with numeric values such as weights or distances or even currencies. The attributes that use these extra indexes are all numeric and take two fields. You can send the data in a single field as long as you use the same short or long text that we keep in our database.

Although the data feed API can deliver information as JSON or XML, we are using XML here because it is easier to read.

<attribute>
   <extra_group>Distance</extra_group>
   <field_name>depth</field_name>
   <extra>
      <id>501</id>
      <extra_short>in</extra_short>
      <extra_long>inches</extra_long>
      <seq>10</seq>
   </extra>
   <extra>
      <id>503</id>
      <extra_short>ft</extra_short>
      <extra_long>feet</extra_long>
      <seq>20</seq>
   </extra>
   <extra>
      <id>505</id>
      <extra_short>yrd</extra_short>
      <extra_long>yards</extra_long>
      <seq>30</seq>
   </extra>
</attribute>

Looking at this example, you can see that the EXTRA portion is an array of values each with their own properties. Here is what each section means:

This extra information is normally used in a drop down box next to the numeric data field that we want to enhance. Some examples might be:

You see we can display the long or short version of the extra code by using the ID index.

Fields that make use of this extra information require it when pushing data back to us in the feed. You can either send the data in two fields (value and extra_id) or in a single field (value) as long as the text following the numeric portion matches the long or short version of the extra data we store for the field.

For example, if you wanted to update a field that represented distance with the value "100 yards", you could either send that data just like that in the value field value=100+yards or in two seperate fields value=100&extra_id=505 and you would get the same results. If you send an invalid extra_id or text after the number that doesn't match our accepted list, your update would be rejected.

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