|Product Name||The Umma and the Dawla: The Nation-State and the Arab Middle East|
|Category||Book / Magazine / Publication|
|Amazon.com||Buy on Amazon ~ 0745327710|
|Price New||110.00 US Dollars (curriencies)|
|Price Used||46.75 US Dollars (curriencies)|
|Width||0.8 inches (convert)|
|Height||8.47 inches (convert)|
|Length||5.32 inches (convert)|
|Features||Used Book in Good Condition|
|Long Description||This book argues that the Arab states in the Middle East have failed to provide security for their citizens or define themselves along the lines of traditional nation states. Due to continuous war, they have been unable to foster development and prosperity. The author argues that these failures have led to the development of an Islamic political theory which is based around the non-territorial concepts of the Umma and Dawla. Each concept is explored in detail and the author explains how crucial they are in explaining the difference between Western policy and the priorities and the identity of the Arab world. This unique book should be required reading for students of Middle East international relations and Islamic political theory. This book argues that nationalisms in the Arab Middle East were colonial constructs to legitimize the colonially created nation states. Such states were structured in a manner that guaranteed their behavior as colonies after their independence. There dependence was in fact the condition for their formal independence. The book contrasts these colonially introduced national identities to the pre colonial Islamic identity the revolved around the concepts of Umma and Dawla. Both concepts have not yet been adequately dealt with in English and have usually been mistranslated into „nation‰ and „state‰ respectively. The Book provides a thorough explanation of these concepts by studying canonical Sunni and Shiite Islamic texts of political theory and jurisprudence. The Book also shows that understanding such concepts might explain how public opinion is formed in the Middle East and how Arab governments gain and loose legitimacy. Finally the book traces the local elites‚ failed attempts to reconcile the colonially introduced identity that revolves around the colonially created nation state and the native culture that sets political allegiance in the whole Muslim community. Such a failure allowed the Dawla, a non-territorial, non-sovereign form of organization whose allegiance lies with the whole Muslim Umma, to reemerge as a means of social, political in sometimes military, form of organization, thus the variety of non state Islamic actors throughout the region. This unique book should be required reading for students of Middle East international relations and Islamic political theory.|
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Article of interest
Code 128 is a high-density 1D barcode symbology. This barcode set makes use of the entire 128 ASCII characters which include letter, number and symbols.
As with all barcodes, there are indicators to identify where the barcode starts and stops. These are marked in yellow below. Code 128 also has a check character which has been marked in green. The remainder of the barcode is the data being encoded. The text below the barcode is optional and is for human consumption in the event the barcode can't be scanned or if people also need to know what the code means.
Each character in the barcode symbol is composed of three bars and three spaces. Each bar or space must range from 1-4 units and the sum of all the width of all bars must work out to an even number. The stop marker is special because it adds an extra bar of 2 units at the very end (4 bars and 3 spaces). There are three different start markers to to identify which code set is being used. To represent all 128 characters, the code sets can be within a single barcode as needed by using control characters 98-101 (depending on the code set).
The check character is calculated by summing the value of each character and multiplying it by its position. The start character is also part of the sum but is added without weight (multiply by 1 just like the first encoded data character) then when you have the sum take the modulo 103 remainder. This gets a little more complex when mixing modes within a single barcode.