|Product Name||Zones Of Twilight: Wartime Presidential Powers And Federal Court Decision Making|
|Category||Book / Magazine / Publication|
|Amazon.com||Buy on Amazon ~ 0739138332|
|Price New||78.96 US Dollars (curriencies)|
|Price Used||17.28 US Dollars (curriencies)|
|Long Description||The Bill of Rights was designed to protect the American public from encroachments of liberty by the federal government. During times of war, the president often spearheads efforts to limit rights in the name of national security. When these cases make their way through the federal courts system, it is expected that the judiciary would use rights-based language in their adjudication of cases dealing with such rights-based claims. Zones of Twilight shows that the courts actually use the separation of powers to decide these cases. In other words, the courts look to see if Congress has authorized the president to limit the liberties in question. More often than not, if Congress is on board, so are the federal courts. Although the common conception is that the courts give the president a blank check during war, it is in fact Congress that has received that blank check.|
Zones of Twilight looks at four reoccurring issues during times of war where the courts have had to decide cases where the executive has limited individual freedoms: military detentions, warrantless electronic surveillance, emergency economic powers, and free speech.
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Article of interest
Code 128 is a high-density 1D barcode symbology. This barcode set makes use of the entire 128 ASCII characters which include letter, number and symbols.
As with all barcodes, there are indicators to identify where the barcode starts and stops. These are marked in yellow below. Code 128 also has a check character which has been marked in green. The remainder of the barcode is the data being encoded. The text below the barcode is optional and is for human consumption in the event the barcode can't be scanned or if people also need to know what the code means.
Each character in the barcode symbol is composed of three bars and three spaces. Each bar or space must range from 1-4 units and the sum of all the width of all bars must work out to an even number. The stop marker is special because it adds an extra bar of 2 units at the very end (4 bars and 3 spaces). There are three different start markers to to identify which code set is being used. To represent all 128 characters, the code sets can be within a single barcode as needed by using control characters 98-101 (depending on the code set).
The check character is calculated by summing the value of each character and multiplying it by its position. The start character is also part of the sum but is added without weight (multiply by 1 just like the first encoded data character) then when you have the sum take the modulo 103 remainder. This gets a little more complex when mixing modes within a single barcode.