Disable All Advertising
EAN-139780520249387   EAN-13 barcode 9780520249387
Product NameLebanon: A History, 600 - 2011 (Studies In Middle Eastern History)
CategoryBook / Magazine / Publication
Short DescriptionHardcover
Amazon.comA Buy on Amazon ~ 0195181115
Price New39.06 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Price Used24.21 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Width1.2 inches    (convert)
Height6.5 inches    (convert)
Length9.3 inches    (convert)
Weight22.4 ounces    (convert)
AuthorWilliam Harris
Page Count400
FeaturesUsed Book in Good Condition
Long DescriptionIn this impressive synthesis, William Harris narrates the history of the sectarian communities of Mount Lebanon and its vicinity. He offers a fresh perspective on the antecedents of modern multi-communal Lebanon, tracing the consolidation of Lebanon's Christian, Muslim, and Islamic derived sects from their origins between the sixth and eleventh centuries. The identities of Maronite Christians, Twelver Shia Muslims, and Druze, the mountain communities, developed alongside assertions of local chiefs under external powers from the Umayyads to the Ottomans. The chiefs began interacting in a common arena when Druze lord Fakhr al-Din Ma'n achieved domination of the mountain within the Ottoman imperial framework in the early seventeenth century. Harris knits together the subsequent interplay of the elite under the Sunni Muslim Shihab relatives of the Ma'ns after 1697 with demographic instability as Maronites overtook Shia as the largest community and expanded into Druze districts. By the 1840s many Maronites conceived the common arena as their patrimony. Maronite/Druze conflict ensued. Modern Lebanon arose out of European and Ottoman intervention in the 1860s to secure sectarian peace in a special province. In 1920, after the Ottoman collapse, France and the Maronites enlarged the province into the modern country, with a pluralism of communal minorities headed by Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims. The book considers the flowering of this pluralism in the mid-twentieth century, and the strains of new demographic shifts and of social resentment in an open economy. External intrusions after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war rendered Lebanon's contradictions unmanageable and the country fell apart. Harris contends that Lebanon has not found a new equilibrium and has not transcended its sects. In the early twenty-first century there is an uneasy duality: Shia have largely recovered the weight they possessed in the sixteenth century, but Christians, Sunnis, and Druze are two-thirds of the country. This book offers readers a clear understanding of how modern Lebanon acquired its precarious social intricacy and its singular political character.
Similar Items9780520071964: A House Of Many Mansions: The History Of Lebanon Reconsidered
9780745332741: A History Of Modern Lebanon
9781848857155: Coexistence In Wartime Lebanon: Decline Of A State And Rise Of A Nation
9780231138642: Conflict, Conquest, And Conversion: Two Thousand Years Of Christian Missions In The Middle East
9780745324371: A History Of Modern Lebanon
9780801882975: The Lebanese Connection: Corruption, Civil War, And The International Drug Traffic (Stanford Studies In Middle Eastern And I)
9780520256682: Beirut
9781560254423: Pity The Nation: The Abduction Of Lebanon (Nation Books)
9781250034410: From Beirut To Jerusalem
9780199342969: Lebanon: After The Cedar Revolution
9780393328431: Lebanon: A House Divided
9780520271265: Beirut
9780863566905: Origins Of The Druze People And Religion (Saqi Essentials)
9781845190576: The Jews Of Lebanon: Between Coexistence And Conflict
9781463556372: War Of The Mountain: Israelis, Christians And Druze In The 1983 Mount Lebanon Conflict Through The Eyes Of A Lebanese Forces Fighter
Created02-26-2012 10:06:05pm
Modified04-30-2020 9:27:51pm
Search Googleby EAN or by Title
Query Time0.0391901

Article of interest

This symbology was originally designed to be easily scanned even when printed on dot-matrix printers or on multi-ply paper such as receipts, invioces and alike. Codabar is being replaced by newer symbol sets that store more data in a smaller area but there is already a large install base where these codes are currently being used.


Codabar uses 4 bars and 3 spaces to encode each character. A narrow space is used between characters. The characters that can be encoded using codabar are the digits 0-9 and the characters $ (dollar sign) - (dash) + (plus) : (colon) / (slash) . (period). There are also 4 start/stop characters represented by A, B, C, D or possibly T, N, * (asterisk), E. These start and stop characters are not represented as data just like other barcodes.

Using the 16 different variations of start and stop characters make it possible to identify some applications of the barcode. For example FedEx tracking numbers start with C and end with D while library barcodes start with A and end with B. This doesn't always hold true because there are so many applications of these numbers but this can be a guide to help identify how the barcode is being used.

If you want to make your own Codabar barcode, please visit our barcode generator page. Save the images you create and use them how ever you like.