Image
EAN-139780300092844   EAN-13 barcode 9780300092844
Product NameThe History of the Gulag: From Collectivization to the Great Terror (Annals of Communism Series)
LanguageEnglish
CategoryBook / Magazine / Publication
Short DescriptionHardcover, 2004
Amazon.comA Buy on Amazon ~ 0300092849
Price New22.99 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Price Used12.47 US Dollars    (curriencies)
Width6.44 inches    (convert)
Height1.32 inches    (convert)
Length9.44 inches    (convert)
Weight27.52 ounces    (convert)
AuthorOleg V. Khlevniuk
Page Count464
BindingHardcover
Published11/10/2004
Long DescriptionThe human cost of the Gulag, the Soviet labor camp system in which millions of people were imprisoned between 1920 and 1956, was staggering. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and others after him have written movingly about the Gulag, yet never has there been a thorough historical study of this unique and tragic episode in Soviet history. This groundbreaking book presents the first comprehensive, historically accurate account of the camp system. Russian historian Oleg Khlevniuk has mined the contents of extensive archives, including long-suppressed state and Communist Party documents, to uncover the secrets of the Gulag and how it became a central component of Soviet ideology and social policy. Khlevniuk argues persuasively that the Stalinist penal camps created in the 1930s were essentially different from previous camps. He shows that political motivations and paranoia about potential enemies contributed no more to the expansion of the Gulag than the economic incentive of slave labor did. And he offers powerful evidence that the Great Terror was planned centrally and targeted against particular categories of the population. Khlevniuk makes a signal contribution to Soviet history with this exceptionally informed and balanced view of the Gulag.
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This describes how to use version 2.x of the data feed. Version 1.x of the feed is no longer supported in any way.

Accessing the data requires your account to have an active data feed. This switch can be turned on or off on the data feed page. This is also where you will be able to view your KEYCODE which is required to make calls to the feed.

You must always pass these...

When looking up data...

When updating data...

To download the list of categories...

The feed return data structure...

All fieds are returned regardless of the result. Check the status code before trying to make use of any of the data returned. As long as the code you send is valid (not an error) the barcode field will hold a link to a baccode graphic. If you get a 404 error because we can't find the product, you may still get valid data in the company section so you may want to check the company name field.

status
    find     the find value you sent in your request
    code     200 = success, 404 = not found, 400 and 500 = error
    message     details about the code
    version     feed version number
product
    modified     YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS (24 hour time)
    ean13     13 digit EAN-13 code
    upca     12 digit UPC-A code (may be n/a)
    upce     8 digit UPC-E code (may be n/a)
    product     the name of the product
    description     size, weight, count, color, etc.
    category_no     numeric category code
    category_text     text version of the category
    url     a link to the product page (not on our site)
    image     a link to an image of the product (on our site)
    has_long_desc     does this product have a long description (1/0)
    barcode     a link to a barcode image (on our site)
    locked     is this data locked from updates (1/0)
company
    name     company name
    logo     a link to a company logo (on our site)
    url     a link to the company's official web site
    address     the company's mailing address
    phone     the company's phone number (digits only)
    locked     is this data locked from updates (1/0)

You will need to make requests for the content of the long description in a separate call get=long_desc to the GET or POST request. In this case, you will only get back the long description. The return structure of the long description data looks like this...

status
    find     the find value you sent in your request
    code     200 = success, 404 = not found, 400 and 500 = error
    message     details about the code
    version     feed version number
product
    modified     YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS (24 hour time)
    long_desc     the long description for the product
    locked     is this data locked from updates (1/0)
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