PVSCANSection: Maintenance Commands (8)
Updated: LVM TOOLS 2.02.176(2) (2017-11-03)
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NAMEpvscan - List all physical volumes
[ option_args ]
[ position_args ]
DESCRIPTIONpvscan scans all supported LVM block devices in the system for PVs.
Scanning with lvmetad
pvscan operates differently when used with the lvmetad(8) daemon.
Scanning disks is required to read LVM metadata and identify LVM PVs. Once read, lvmetad caches the metadata so that LVM commands can read it without repeatedly scanning disks. This is helpful because scanning disks is time consuming, and frequent scanning may interfere with the normal work of the system and disks.
When lvmetad is not used, LVM commands revert to scanning disks to read metadata. Any LVM command that needs metadata will scan disks for it; running the pvscan command is not necessary for the sake of other LVM commands.
When lvmetad is used, LVM commands avoid scanning disks by reading metadata from lvmetad. When new disks appear, they must be scanned so their metadata can be cached in lvmetad. This is done by the command pvscan --cache, which scans disks and passes the metadata to lvmetad.
The pvscan --cache command is typically run automatically by system services when a new device appears. Users do not generally need to run this command if the system and lvmetad are running properly.
Many scripts contain unnecessary pvscan (or vgscan) commands for historical reasons. To avoid disrupting the system with extraneous disk scanning, an ordinary pvscan (without --cache) will simply read metadata from lvmetad like other LVM commands. It does not do anything beyond displaying the current state of the cache.
- When given specific device name arguments, pvscan --cache will only read the named devices.
- LVM udev rules and systemd services are used to initiate automatic device scanning.
To prevent devices from being scanned by pvscan --cache, add them
The devices/filter setting does not
apply to system level scanning.
For more information, see:
lvmconfig --withcomments devices/global_filter
- If lvmetad is started or restarted after devices are visible, or if the global_filter has changed, then all devices must be rescanned for metadata with the command pvscan --cache.
- lvmetad does not cache older metadata formats, e.g. lvm1, and will be temporarily disabled if they are seen.
- To notify lvmetad about a device that is no longer present, the major and minor numbers must be given, not the path.
When event-driven system services detect a new LVM device, the first step is to automatically scan and cache the metadata from the device. This is done by pvscan --cache. A second step is to automatically activate LVs that are present on the new device. This auto-activation is done by the same pvscan --cache command when the option --activate ay is included.
Auto-activation of VGs or LVs can be enabled/disabled using:
For more information, see:
lvmconfig --withcomments activation/auto_activation_volume_list
When this setting is undefined, all LVs are auto-activated (when lvm is fully integrated with the event-driven system services.)
When a VG or LV is not auto-activated, traditional activation using vgchange or lvchange --activate is needed.
- pvscan auto-activation can be only done in combination with --cache.
- Auto-activation is designated by the "a" argument in --activate ay. This is meant to distinguish system generated commands from explicit user commands, although it can be used in any activation command. Whenever it is used, the auto_activation_volume_list is applied.
- Auto-activation is not yet supported for LVs that are part of partial or clustered volume groups.
USAGEDisplay PV information.
[ -e|--exported ]
[ -n|--novolumegroup ]
[ -s|--short ]
[ -u|--uuid ]
[ COMMON_OPTIONS ]
Populate the lvmetad cache by scanning PVs.
[ -b|--background ]
[ -a|--activate ay ]
[ -j|--major Number ]
[ --minor Number ]
[ COMMON_OPTIONS ]
- [ String|PV ... ]
Common options for command:
[ --ignorelockingfailure ]
[ --reportformat basic|json ]
Common options for lvm:
[ -d|--debug ]
[ -h|--help ]
[ -q|--quiet ]
[ -t|--test ]
[ -v|--verbose ]
[ -y|--yes ]
[ --commandprofile String ]
[ --config String ]
[ --driverloaded y|n ]
[ --longhelp ]
[ --profile String ]
[ --version ]
- -a|--activate y|n|ay
- Auto-activate LVs in a VG when the PVs scanned have completed the VG. (Only ay is applicable.)
- If the operation requires polling, this option causes the command to return before the operation is complete, and polling is done in the background.
- Scan one or more devices and send the metadata to lvmetad.
- --commandprofile String
- The command profile to use for command configuration. See lvm.conf(5) for more information about profiles.
- --config String
- Config settings for the command. These override lvm.conf settings. The String arg uses the same format as lvm.conf, or may use section/field syntax. See lvm.conf(5) for more information about config.
- -d|--debug ...
- Set debug level. Repeat from 1 to 6 times to increase the detail of messages sent to the log file and/or syslog (if configured).
- --driverloaded y|n
- If set to no, the command will not attempt to use device-mapper. For testing and debugging.
- Only show PVs belonging to exported VGs.
- Display help text.
- Allows a command to continue with read-only metadata operations after locking failures.
- Display long help text.
- -j|--major Number
- The major number of a device.
- --minor Number
- The minor number of a device.
- Only show PVs not belonging to any VG.
- --profile String
- An alias for --commandprofile or --metadataprofile, depending on the command.
- -q|--quiet ...
- Suppress output and log messages. Overrides --debug and --verbose. Repeat once to also suppress any prompts with answer 'no'.
- --reportformat basic|json
- Overrides current output format for reports which is defined globally by the report/output_format setting in lvm.conf. basic is the original format with columns and rows. If there is more than one report per command, each report is prefixed with the report name for identification. json produces report output in JSON format. See lvmreport(7) for more information.
- Short listing format.
- Run in test mode. Commands will not update metadata. This is implemented by disabling all metadata writing but nevertheless returning success to the calling function. This may lead to unusual error messages in multi-stage operations if a tool relies on reading back metadata it believes has changed but hasn't.
- Show UUIDs in addition to device names.
- -v|--verbose ...
- Set verbose level. Repeat from 1 to 4 times to increase the detail of messages sent to stdout and stderr.
- Display version information.
- Do not prompt for confirmation interactively but always assume the answer yes. Use with extreme caution. (For automatic no, see -qq.)
- Physical Volume name, a device path under /dev. For commands managing physical extents, a PV positional arg generally accepts a suffix indicating a range (or multiple ranges) of physical extents (PEs). When the first PE is omitted, it defaults to the start of the device, and when the last PE is omitted it defaults to end. Start and end range (inclusive): PV[:PE-PE]... Start and length range (counting from 0): PV[:PE+PE]...
- See the option description for information about the string content.
- Size is an input number that accepts an optional unit. Input units are always treated as base two values, regardless of capitalization, e.g. 'k' and 'K' both refer to 1024. The default input unit is specified by letter, followed by |UNIT. UNIT represents other possible input units: bBsSkKmMgGtTpPeE. b|B is bytes, s|S is sectors of 512 bytes, k|K is kilobytes, m|M is megabytes, g|G is gigabytes, t|T is terabytes, p|P is petabytes, e|E is exabytes. (This should not be confused with the output control --units, where capital letters mean multiple of 1000.)
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLESSee lvm(8) for information about environment variables used by lvm. For example, LVM_VG_NAME can generally be substituted for a required VG parameter.
vgcfgbackup(8) vgcfgrestore(8) vgchange(8) vgck(8) vgcreate(8) vgconvert(8) vgdisplay(8) vgexport(8) vgextend(8) vgimport(8) vgimportclone(8) vgmerge(8) vgmknodes(8) vgreduce(8) vgremove(8) vgrename(8) vgs(8) vgscan(8) vgsplit(8)
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