8. System administration commands (usually only for root)

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INTEGRITYSETUP

Section: Maintenance Commands (8)
Updated: January 2018
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NAME

integritysetup - manage dm-integrity (block level integrity) volumes  

SYNOPSIS

integritysetup <options> <action> <action args>  

DESCRIPTION

Integritysetup is used to configure dm-integrity managed device-mapper mappings.

Device-mapper integrity target provides read-write transparent integrity checking of block devices. The dm-integrity target emulates additional data integrity field per-sector. You can use this additional field directly with integritysetup utility, or indirectly (for authenticated encryption) through cryptsetup.

Integritysetup supports these operations:

format <device>

Formats <device> (calculates space and dm-integrity superblock and wipes the device).

<options> can be [--batch-mode, --no-wipe, --journal-size, --interleave-sectors, --tag-size, --integrity, --integrity-key-size, --integrity-key-file, --sector-size, --progress-frequency]

open <device> <name>
create <name> <device> (OBSOLETE syntax)

Open a mapping with <name> backed by device <device>.

<options> can be [--batch-mode, --journal-watermark, --journal-commit-time, --buffer-sectors, --integrity, --integrity-key-size, --integrity-key-file, --integrity-no-journal, --integrity-recovery-mode]

close <name>

Removes existing mapping <name>.

For backward compatibility, there is remove command alias for the close command.

status <name>

Reports status for the active integrity mapping <name>.

dump <device>

Reports parameters from on-disk stored superblock.

 

OPTIONS

--verbose, -v
Print more information on command execution.
--debug
Run in debug mode with full diagnostic logs. Debug output lines are always prefixed by '#'.
--version
Show the program version.
--batch-mode
Do not ask for confirmation.
--progress-frequency <seconds>
Print separate line every <seconds> with wipe progress.
--no-wipe
Do not wipe the device after format. A device that is not initially wiped will contain invalid checksums.
--journal-size, -j BYTES
Size of the journal.
--interleave-sectors SECTORS
The number of interleaved sectors.
--journal-watermark PERCENT
Journal watermark in percents. When the size of the journal exceeds this watermark, the journal flush will be started.
--journal-commit-time MS
Commit time in milliseconds. When this time passes (and no explicit flush operation was issued), the journal is written.
--tag-size, -t BYTES
Size of the integrity tag per-sector (here the integrity function will store authentication tag).

NOTE: The size can be smaller that output size of the hash function, in that case only part of the hash will be stored.

--sector-size, -s BYTES
Sector size (power of two: 512, 1024, 2048, 4096).
--buffer-sectors SECTORS
The number of sectors in one buffer.

The tag area is accessed using buffers, the large buffer size means that the I/O size will be larger, but there could be less I/Os issued.

--integrity, -I ALGORITHM
Use internal integrity calculation (standalone mode). The integrity algorithm can be CRC (crc32c/crc32) or hash function (sha1, sha256).

For HMAC (hmac-sha256) you have also to specify an integrity key and its size.

--integrity-key-size BYTES
The size of the data integrity key.
--integrity-key-file FILE
The file with the integrity key.
--integrity-no-journal, -D
Disable journal for integrity device.

WARNING: In case of a crash, it is possible that the data and integrity tag doesn't match if the journal is disabled.

--integrity-recovery-mode. -R
Recovery mode (no journal, no tag checking).
NOTE: The following options are intended for testing purposes only. Using journal encryption does not make sense without encryption the data, these options are internally used in authenticated disk encryption with cryptsetup(8).
--journal-integrity ALGORITHM
Integrity algorithm for journal area. See --integrity option for detailed specification.
--journal-integrity-key-size BYTES
The size of the journal integrity key.
--journal-integrity-key-file FILE
The file with the integrity key.
--journal-crypt ALGORITHM
Encryption algorithm for journal data area. You can use a block cipher here such as cbc(aes) or a stream cipher, for example, chacha20 or ctr(aes).
--journal-crypt-key-size BYTES
The size of the journal encryption key.
--journal-crypt-key-file FILE
The file with the journal encryption key.
The dm-integrity target is available since Linux kernel version 4.12.
NOTE:
Format and activation of an integrity device always require superuser privilege because the superblock is calculated and handled in dm-integrity kernel target.

 

RETURN CODES

Integritysetup returns 0 on success and a non-zero value on error.

Error codes are:
    1 wrong parameters
    2 no permission
    3 out of memory
    4 wrong device specified
    5 device already exists, or device is busy.

 

EXAMPLES

Format the device with default standalone mode (CRC32C):

integritysetup format <device>

Open the device with default parameters:

integritysetup open <device> test

Format the device in standalone mode for use with HMAC(SHA256):

integritysetup format <device> --tag-size 32 --integrity hmac-sha256 --integrity-key-file <keyfile> --integrity-key-size <key_bytes>

Open (activate) the device with HMAC(SHA256) and HMAC key in file:

integritysetup open <device> test --integrity hmac-sha256 --integrity-key-file <keyfile> --integrity-key-size <key_bytes>

Dump dm-integrity superblock information:

integritysetup dump <device>

 

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs, including ones in the documentation, on the cryptsetup mailing list at <dm-crypt@saout.de> or in the 'Issues' section on LUKS website. Please attach the output of the failed command with the --debug option added.  

AUTHORS

The integritysetup tool is written by Milan Broz <gmazyland@gmail.com> and is part of the cryptsetup project.  

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2016-2018 Red Hat, Inc.
Copyright © 2016-2018 Milan Broz

This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  

SEE ALSO

The project website at https://gitlab.com/cryptsetup/cryptsetup

The integrity on-disk format specification available at https://gitlab.com/cryptsetup/cryptsetup/wikis/DMIntegrity


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
RETURN CODES
EXAMPLES
REPORTING BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

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