4. Special files (usually found in /dev)

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NULL

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (4)
Updated: 2015-07-23
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NAME

null, zero - data sink  

DESCRIPTION

Data written to the /dev/null and /dev/zero special files is discarded.

Reads from /dev/null always return end of file (i.e., read(2) returns 0), whereas reads from /dev/zero always return bytes containing zero ('\0' characters).

These devices are typically created by:

mknod -m 666 /dev/null c 1 3
mknod -m 666 /dev/zero c 1 5
chown root:root /dev/null /dev/zero

 

FILES

/dev/null
/dev/zero  

NOTES

If these devices are not writable and readable for all users, many programs will act strangely.

Since Linux 2.6.31, reads from /dev/zero are interruptible by signals. (This change was made to help with bad latencies for large reads from /dev/zero.)  

SEE ALSO

chown(1), mknod(1), full(4)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
DESCRIPTION
FILES
NOTES
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

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