2. System calls (functions provided by the kernel)

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ADJTIMEX

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2014-12-31
Index  |  Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

adjtimex - tune kernel clock  

SYNOPSIS

#define _BSD_SOURCE      /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
#include <sys/timex.h>

int adjtimex(struct timex *buf);
 

DESCRIPTION

Linux uses David L. Mills' clock adjustment algorithm (see RFC 5905). The system call adjtimex() reads and optionally sets adjustment parameters for this algorithm. It takes a pointer to a timex structure, updates kernel parameters from field values, and returns the same structure with current kernel values. This structure is declared as follows:

struct timex {
    int  modes;      /* Mode selector */
    long offset;     /* Time offset; nanoseconds, if STA_NANO
                        status flag is set, otherwise microseconds */
    long freq;       /* Frequency offset, in units of 2^-16 ppm
                        (parts per million, see NOTES below) */
    long maxerror;   /* Maximum error (microseconds) */
    long esterror;   /* Estimated error (microseconds) */
    int  status;     /* Clock command/status */
    long constant;   /* PLL (phase-locked loop) time constant */
    long precision;  /* Clock precision (microseconds, read-only) */
    long tolerance;  /* Clock frequency tolerance (ppm, read-only) */
    struct timeval time;
                     /* Current time (read-only, except for
                        ADJ_SETOFFSET); upon return, time.tv_usec
                        contains nanoseconds, if STA_NANO status
                        flag is set, otherwise microseconds */
    long tick;       /* Microseconds between clock ticks */
    long ppsfreq;    /* PPS (pulse per second) frequency (in units
                        of 2^-16 ppm--see NOTES, read-only) */
    long jitter;     /* PPS jitter (read-only); nanoseconds, if
                        STA_NANO status flag is set, otherwise
                        microseconds */
    int  shift;      /* PPS interval duration (seconds, read-only) */
    long stabil;     /* PPS stability (2^-16 ppm--see NOTES,
                        read-only) */
    long jitcnt;     /* PPS jitter limit exceeded (read-only) */
    long calcnt;     /* PPS calibration intervals (read-only) */
    long errcnt;     /* PPS calibration errors (read-only) */
    long stbcnt;     /* PPS stability limit exceeded (read-only) */
    int tai;         /* TAI offset, as set by previous ADJ_TAI
                        operation (seconds, read-only,
                        since Linux 2.6.26) */
    /* Further padding bytes to allow for future expansion */
};

The modes field determines which parameters, if any, to set. It is a bit mask containing a bitwise-or combination of zero or more of the following bits:

ADJ_OFFSET
Set time offset from buf.offset.
ADJ_FREQUENCY
Set frequency offset from buf.freq.
ADJ_MAXERROR
Set maximum time error from buf.maxerror.
ADJ_ESTERROR
Set estimated time error from buf.esterror.
ADJ_STATUS
Set clock status from buf.status.
ADJ_TIMECONST
Set PLL time constant from buf.constant. If the STA_NANO status flag (see below) is clear, the kernel adds 4 to this value.
ADJ_SETOFFSET (since Linux 2.6.29)
Add buf.time to the current time. If buf.status includes the ADJ_NANO flag, then buf.time.tv_usec is interpreted as a nanosecond value; otherwise it is interpreted as microseconds.
ADJ_MICRO (since Linux 2.6.36)
Select microsecond resolution.
ADJ_NANO (since Linux 2.6.36)
Select nanosecond resolution. Only one of ADJ_MICRO and ADJ_NANO should be specified.
ADJ_TAI (since Linux 2.6.26)
Set TAI (Atomic International Time) offset from buf->constant.

ADJ_TAI should not be used in conjunction with ADJ_TIMECONST, since the latter mode also employs the buf->constant field.

For a complete explanation of TAI and the difference between TAI and UTC, see BIPM

ADJ_TICK
Set tick value from buf.tick.

Alternatively, modes can be specified as either of the following (multibit mask) values, in which case other bits should not be specified in modes:

ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT
Old-fashioned adjtime(): (gradually) adjust time by value specified in buf.offset, which specifies an adjustment in microseconds.
ADJ_OFFSET_SS_READ (functional since Linux 2.6.28)
Return (in buf.offset) the remaining amount of time to be adjusted after an earlier ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT operation. This feature was added in Linux 2.6.24, but did not work correctly until Linux 2.6.28.

Ordinary users are restricted to a value of either 0 or ADJ_OFFSET_SS_READ for modes. Only the superuser may set any parameters.

The buf.status field is a bit mask that is used to set and/or retrieve status bits associated with the NTP implementation. Some bits in the mask are both readable and settable, while others are read-only.

STA_PLL
Enable phase-locked loop (PLL) updates (read-write) via ADJ_OFFSET.
STA_PPSFREQ
Enable PPS freq discipline (read-write).
STA_PPSTIME
Enable PPS time discipline (read-write).
STA_FLL
Select frequency-locked loop (FLL) mode (read-write).
STA_INS
Insert leap second (read-write).
STA_DEL
Delete leap second (read-write).
STA_UNSYNC
Clock unsynchronized (read-write).
STA_FREQHOLD
Hold frequency (read-write).
STA_PPSSIGNAL
PPS signal present (read-only).
STA_PPSJITTER
PPS signal jitter exceeded (read-only).
STA_PPSWANDER
PPS signal wander exceeded (read-only).
STA_PPSERROR
PPS signal calibration error (read-only).
STA_CLOCKERR
Clock hardware fault (read-only).
STA_NANO (since Linux 2.6.26)
Resolution (0 = microsecond, 1 = nanoseconds; read-only). Set via ADJ_NANO, cleared via ADJ_MICRO.
STA_MODE (since Linux 2.6.26)
Mode (0 = Phase Locked Loop, 1 = Frequency Locked Loop; read-only).
STA_CLK (since Linux 2.6.26)
Clock source (0 = A, 1 = B; read-only).

Attempts to set read-only status bits are silently ignored.  

RETURN VALUE

On success, adjtimex() returns the clock state; that is, one of the following values:
TIME_OK
Clock synchronized.
TIME_INS
Insert leap second.
TIME_DEL
Delete leap second.
TIME_OOP
Leap second in progress.
TIME_WAIT
Leap second has occurred.
TIME_ERROR
Clock not synchronized. The symbolic name TIME_BAD is a synonym for TIME_ERROR, provided for backward compatibility.

On failure, adjtimex() returns -1 and sets errno.  

ERRORS

EFAULT
buf does not point to writable memory.
EINVAL
An attempt was made to set buf.offset to a value outside the range -131071 to +131071, or to set buf.status to a value other than those listed above, or to set buf.tick to a value outside the range 900000/HZ to 1100000/HZ, where HZ is the system timer interrupt frequency.
EPERM
buf.modes is neither 0 nor ADJ_OFFSET_SS_READ, and the caller does not have sufficient privilege. Under Linux, the CAP_SYS_TIME capability is required.
 

NOTES

In struct timex, freq, ppsfreq, and stabil are ppm (parts per million) with a 16-bit fractional part, which means that a value of 1 in one of those fields actually means 2^-16 ppm, and 2^16=65536 is 1 ppm. This is the case for both input values (in the case of freq) and output values.  

CONFORMING TO

adjtimex() is Linux-specific and should not be used in programs intended to be portable. See adjtime(3) for a more portable, but less flexible, method of adjusting the system clock.  

SEE ALSO

settimeofday(2), adjtime(3), capabilities(7), time(7), adjtimex(8)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
NOTES
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

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