UUIDGENSection: User Commands (1)
Updated: June 2011
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NAMEuuidgen - create a new UUID value
DESCRIPTIONThe uuidgen program creates (and prints) a new universally unique identifier (UUID) using the libuuid(3) library. The new UUID can reasonably be considered unique among all UUIDs created on the local system, and among UUIDs created on other systems in the past and in the future.
There are three types of UUIDs which uuidgen can generate: time-based UUIDs, random-based UUIDs, and hash-based UUIDs. By default uuidgen will generate a random-based UUID if a high-quality random number generator is present. Otherwise, it will choose a time-based UUID. It is possible to force the generation of one of these first two UUID types by using the --random or --time options.
The third type of UUID is generated with the --md5 or --sha1 options, followed by --namespace namespace and --name name. The namespace may either be a well-known UUID, or else an alias to one of the well-known UUIDs defined in RFC 4122, that is @dns, @url, @oid, or @x500. The name is an arbitrary string value. The generated UUID is the digest of the concatentation of the namespace UUID and the name value, hashed with the MD5 or SHA1 algorithms. It is, therefore, a predictable value which may be useful when UUIDs are being used as handles or nonces for more complex values or values which shouldn't be disclosed directly. See the RFC for more information.
- -r, --random
- Generate a random-based UUID. This method creates a UUID consisting mostly of random bits. It requires that the operating system have a high quality random number generator, such as /dev/random.
- -t, --time
- Generate a time-based UUID. This method creates a UUID based on the system clock plus the system's ethernet hardware address, if present.
- -h, --help
- Display help text and exit.
- -V, --version
- Display version information and exit.
- -m, --md5
- Use MD5 as the hash algorithm.
- -s, --sha1
- Use SHA1 as the hash algorith.
- -n, --namespace namespace
- Generate the hash with the namespace prefix. The namespace is UUID, or '@ns' where "ns" is well-known predefined UUID addressed by namespace name (see above).
- -N, --name name
- Generate the hash of the name.
- -x, --hex
- Interpret name name as a hexidecimal string.
CONFORMING TOOSF DCE 1.1
EXAMPLESuuidgen --sha1 --namespace @dns --name "www.example.com"
AUTHORuuidgen was written by Andreas Dilger for libuuid.
SEE ALSOlibuuid(3), RFC 4122
AVAILABILITYThe uuidgen command is part of the util-linux package and is available from https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.
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