GROGSection: User Commands (1)
Updated: 10 February 2018
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NAMEgrog --- guess options for a following groff command
SYNOPSIS[ -C ] [ --run ] [ --warnings ] [ --ligatures ] [ groff-option ... ] [ -- ] [ filespec ... ] grog -h | --help
grog -v | --version
DESCRIPTIONgrog reads the input (file names or standard input) and guesses which of the groff(1) options are needed to perform the input with the groff program.
The corresponding groff command is usually displayed in standard output. With the option --run, the generated line is output into standard error and the generated groff command is run on the standard output.
OPTIONSThe option -v or --version prints information on the version number. Also -h or --help prints usage information. Both of these options automatically end the grog program. Other options are thenignored, and no groff command line is generated. The following 3 options are the only grog options,
- this option means enabling the groff compatibility mode, which is also transfered to the generated groff command line.
- this option forces to include the arguments -P-y -PU within the generated groff command line.
- with this option, the command line is output at standard error and then run on the computer.
- with this option, some more warnings are output to standard error.
All other specified short options (words starting with one minus character -) are interpreted as groff options or option clusters with or without argument. No space is allowed between options and their argument. Except from the -marg options, all options will be passed on, i.e. they are included unchanged in the command for the output without effecting the work of grog.
DETAILSgrog reads all filespec parameters as a whole. It tries to guess which of the following groff options are required for running the input under groff: -e, -g, -G, -j, -J, -p, -R, -s, -t. -man, -mdoc, -mdoc-old, -me, -mm, -mom, and -ms.
The guessed groff command including those options and the found filespec parameters is put on the standard output.
It is possible to specify arbitrary groff options on the command line. These are passed on the output without change, except for the -marg options.
The groff program has trouble when the wrong -marg option or several of these options are specified. In these cases, grog will print an error message and exit with an error code. It is better to specify no -marg option. Because such an option is only accepted and passed when grog does not find any of these options or the same option is found.
If several different -marg options are found by grog an error message is produced and the program is terminated with an error code. But the output is written with the wrong options nevertheless.
Remember that it is not necessary to determine a macro package. A roff file can also be written in the groff language without any macro package. grog will produce an output without an -marg option.
As groff also works with pure text files without any roff requests, grog cannot be used to identify a file to be a roff file.
The groffer(1) program heavily depends on a working grog.
The grog source contains two files written in different programming languages: grog.pl is the Perl version, while grog.sh is a shell script using awk(1). During the run of make(1), it is determined whether the system contains a suitable version of perl(1). If so, grog.pl is transformed into grog; otherwise grog.sh is used instead.
- grog meintro.me
- groff -me meintro.me
- So grog recognized that the file meintro.me is written with the -me macro package.
On the other hand,
- grog pic.ms
- groff -p -t -e -ms pic.ms
- Besides determining the macro package -ms, grog recognized that the file pic.ms additionally needs -pte, the combination of -p for pic, -t for tbl, and -e for eqn.
If both of the former example files are combined by the command
- grog meintro.me pic.ms
an error message is sent to standard error because
cannot work with two different macro packages:
- grog: error: there are several macro packages: -me -ms
Additionally the corresponding output with the wrong options is printed
to standard output:
- groff -pte -me -ms meintro.me pic.ms
- But the program is terminated with an error code.
The call of
- grog -ksS -Tdvi grnexmpl.g
options that are just passed on the output without any interface to
These are the option cluster
and the option
The output is
- groff -k -s -S -Tdvi grnexmpl.g
- so no additional option was added by grog. As no option -marg was found by grog this file does not use a macro package.
SEE ALSOgroff(1), groffer(1) troff(1), tbl(1), pic(1), chem(1), eqn(1), refer(1), grn(1), grap(1), soelim(1)
Man-pages of section 1 can be viewed with either
- $ man name
- $ groffer name
Man-pages of section 7 can be viewed with either with
- $ man 7 name
- $ groffer 7 name
COPYINGCopyright © 1989-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of grog, which is part of groff, a free software project. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 (GPL2) as published by the Free Software Foundation.
groff is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
AUTHORSWritten by James Clark.
Maintained by Werner Lemberg
Rewritten and put under GPL by Bernd Warken
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